Of the 50 states plus The District of Columbia, only two states split their electoral votes: Nebraska and Maine. All other states are winner-take all. Nebraska this year awarded one vote to Obama and four to McCain. This is the first year in 44 years that Nebraska has awarded an electoral vote to a Democrat. It is also the first year Nebraska’s votes were actually split. Electoral Votes per State are here.
President-Elect Obama will be facing difficult odds in 2012. The last time that voters re-elected three consecutive presidents to a second term was all the way back in 1820, when James Monroe was elected to a second term after two terms for Thomas Jefferson and James Madison.
John McCain had the odds against him in this election. The last time a President left office and was succeeded by a member of his own party was when Ronald Reagan was succeeded by George H. W. Bush. Before that, we go all the way back to the 1928 election, when Herbert Hoover succeeded Calvin Coolidge.